Spring 2015

General Information | Lecture Notes | Problem Sets | Textbooks | Final Project | Links

**Instructor:**Jeremy Martin

**E-mail:**(the best way to contact me)**Office:**623 Snow Hall, (785) 864-7114**Office hours:**Tue/Wed 2-3 PM, or by appointment**Lectures:**MWF, 11:00-11:50 AM, 564 Snow**Prerequisite:**Math 724 (Enumerative Combinatorics) or permission of the instructor.**KU course number:**66459**Syllabus**(1/16/15)

Lecture notes (one big PDF file; last update 4/29/15) [Newer version available from my homepage]

These notes are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. In short, use them freely but do not sell them or anything derived from them. If you are a KU graduate student (or for that matter, if you aren't), do not print out the full set of notes on the department's printer!

Material covered each day:

- Wed 1/21: Introduction; posets; Young's lattice
- Fri 1/23: Partition lattice; some examples of simplicial complexes
- Mon 1/26: Simplicial complexes, shellability
- Wed 1/28: Simplicial homology (brief overview); polytopes
- Fri 1/30: Lattices
- Mon 2/2: Distributive lattices
- Wed 2/4: Modular lattices
- Fri 2/6: Semimodular and geometric lattices
- Mon 2/9: Matroid closure operators
- Wed 2/11: Matroid independence systems
- Fri 2/13: Graphic and uniform matroids
- Mon 2/16: Circuit systems and greedy algorithms; representability and regularity
- Wed 2/18: Matroid operations (direct sum, duality, deletion/contraction)
- Fri 2/20: The Tutte polynomial
- Mon 2/23: The chromatic polynomial
- Wed 2/25: Acyclic orientations
- Fri 2/28: The incidence algebra of a poset
- Mon 3/2: Ehrhart theory (Prof. Marge Bayer)
- Wed 3/4: Ehrhart theory (Prof. Marge Bayer)
- Fri 3/6: Möbius inversion
- Mon 3/9: The characteristic polynomial
- Wed 3/11: Möbius functions of lattices
- Fri 3/13: Recipes for Tutte evaluations; the crosscut theorem
- Mon 3/23: Hyperplane arrangements: basics
- Wed 3/25: Zaslavsky's theorems I
- Fri 3/27: Zaslavsky's theorems II
- Mon 3/30: The finite field method and the Shi arrangement
- Wed 4/1: Supersolvable arrangements; complex arrangements
- Fri 4/3: A whirlwind tour of oriented matroids (and the max-flow/min-cut theorem)
- Mon 4/6: Representation theory basics
- Wed 4/8: Homomorphisms, irreducibility, Maschke's Theorem
- Fri 4/10: Characters
- Mon 4/13: The fundamental theorem of representation theory of finite groups
- Wed 4/15: Working out character tables; characters of abelian group and Pontrjagin duality
- Fri 4/17: Representations of the symmetric group via Young tabloids
- Mon 4/20: Symmetric function basics
- Wed 4/22: Schur functions
- Fri 4/24: The Cauchy kernel and the Hall inner product
- Mon 4/27: The RSK correspondence
- Wed 4/29: Restricted and induced representations; Frobenius reciprocity
- Fri 5/1: The Frobenius characteristic
- Mon 5/4: Hopf algebras;
**course evaluations** - Wed 5/6: Hopf algebras

All solutions must be typeset using LaTeX.

- Here is a header file with useful macros (last update 4/29/15).
- Here is a sample source file that uses the header (and will produce the first couple of pages of the lecture notes).
- Packages that are useful for figures include TikZ, Ipe, and xfig.

- Problem Set #1 (due Fri 2/6): 1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.7, 1.10 (optional but highly recommended), 1.11, 1.14, 2.1
- Problem Set #2 (due Mon 2/23): 2.5, 2.7, 2.9, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, and at least one of 3.6 or 3.10
- Problem Set #3 (due Fri 3/13): 4.1, 4.5, 5.2, 5.4, 5.5
- Problem Set #4 (due Fri 4/3): 6.1, 6.2, 6.3
- Problem Set #5 (due Fri 4/24): 8.1, 8.3, 8.4, 8.5
- Problem Set #6 (due Thu 5/7, 11:59pm): 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4

We will follow the lecture notes rather than any one specific textbook and all of the homework assignments will be self-contained. However, the following books may be helpful (and you should definitely obtain the free downloads). All these books can be perused in Jeremy's office.

- R.P. Stanley,
*Enumerative Combinatorics, volume 1, 2nd ed.*(Cambridge, 1997)

(Enumeration; posets and lattices; generating functions)

Buy it from the publisher

Download the free preprint version from Stanley's website - R.P. Stanley,
*Enumerative Combinatorics, volume 2*(Cambridge, 1999)

(More enumeration, including exponential generating functions; symmetric functions)

Buy it from the publisher - M. Aigner,
*A Course in Enumeration*(Springer, 2007)

(Enumeration; posets, lattices, and matroids)

- M. Aigner,
*Combinatorial Theory*(Springer, 1997)

(Enumerative combinatorics, symmetric functions, and matroids)

- R.P. Stanley,
*Hyperplane Arrangements*(lecture notes available free online) - A. Schrijver,
*A Course in Combinatorial Optimization*(lecture notes available free online) - T. Brylawski and J. Oxley,
*The Tutte polynomial and its applications*, Chapter 6 of*Matroid applications*, N. White, ed. (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992) - M. Beck and R. Sanyal,
*Combinatorial Reciprocity Theorems: A Snapshot of Enumerative Combinatorics from a Geometric Viewpoint*(manuscript available free online) - B.
Sagan,
*The Symmetric Group, 2nd edn.*(Springer, 2001)

The final project is to read a current research article in
combinatorics, write a short, self-contained summary (1 page),
give a short talk on it (20 minutes, like
an AMS special session talk) to an audience of fellow
graduate students,
and provide constructive criticism on another
student's project. Complete details are here.
Everyone should meet with Jeremy individually to select a paper
to read, no later than **April 10.**

Time | Speaker | Paper | Reviewer |
---|---|---|---|

10:30 | Ken Duna | A. Brouwer, S. Cioaba, W. Haemers and J. VermetteNotes on simplicial rook graphsarXiv:1408.5615. | Lucas Chaffee |

10:55 | Brent Holmes | F. Santos, T. Stephen and H. ThomasEmbedding a pair of graphs in a surface, and the width of 4-dimensional prismatoidsDiscrete Comput. Geom. 47 (2012), no. 3, 569-576. | Josh Fenton |

11:20 | Josh Fenton | F. ArdilaComputing the Tutte polynomial of a hyperplane arrangementPacific J. Math. 230, no. 2 (2007), 1-26. |
Kevin Adams |

11:45 | Lucas Chaffee | C. Greene, H. Nijenhuis and H. WilfA probabilistic proof of a formula for the number of Young tableaux of a given shapeAdv. Math. 31 (1979), 104-109. |
Brent Holmes |

1:00 | Bennet Goeckner | C. KlivansObstructions to shiftednessDiscrete Comput. Geom. 33 (2005), 535-545. |
Ken Duna |

1:25 | Kevin Adams | B. Braun and R. EhrenborgThe complex of non-crossing diagonals of a polygonJ. Combin. Theory Ser. A 117 (2010), 642-649. |
Bennet Goeckner |

- Jeremy's home page
- KU Mathematics Department
- KU Registrar
- KU Bookstore
- KU policies on academic misconduct
- Student Access Services (resources for students with disabilities)

- LaTeX:
- KU Math Department LaTeX page
- Header file for lecture notes, problem sets, etc., including lots of macros. Feel free to use and/or modify.
- Detexify (great way to find out LaTeX symbols)

- Sage (free, open-source mathematical software), including:
- Quick Tour and Tutorial
- Run one command at a time on the cell server
- Create your own notebooks and share them with others on the Sage Cloud or the older notebook server
- You can also install Sage on your own computer, although this can be complicated (particularly under Windows)
- The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences

Last updated Sat 5/16/15